Jerusalem is in Israel in the same name.
How to get
Ben-Gurion Airport serves an overwhelming number of international flights.
In Israel in recent years the system of passenger rail transport has been developed. You can get to Jerusalem by train upon arrival directly from the International Airport named after. David Ben-Gurion . The train departure platform is below level G. All the airport trains go first to Tel Aviv, where you need to transfer to Hagana station on a flight to Jerusalem. The total time on the journey is 1.5 hours. The final station in Jerusalem is Malha. Located on the outskirts of the city. The inconveniences associated with the transfer and long journey time are bought with wonderful views from the train window. The Israeli Railways website contains all the necessary information in Russian.
The number 1 road that runs through Jerusalem begins from Tel Aviv and ends at the Dead Sea. Keep in mind that in the morning towards Jerusalem, and in the evening from Jerusalem there may be long traffic jams. Plan your time properly.
From Ben Gurion Airport to Jerusalem there are two types of bus transport. First of all, the hebrew-based "moonite sherut", the company Nesher. Parking access is at the same level as the arrival hall. The minibuses for ten seats are sent as they fill up and deliver the passenger to the address in the city. The price for 02.03.2015 is 64 shekels. Secondly, the regular flights of Egged  The platform of this company is located at the 2nd level. It takes bus No. 5 to the El Al intersection outside the airport. For transplantation it is necessary to go to the opposite side of the intersection to stop buses going to Jerusalem. Your number is 947. The ticket is more advantageous to purchase when boarding in route 5 right up to Jerusalem. In bus No. 947 the driver will compose your ticket. The final route is the Central Bus Station, in Hebrew "Tahana Merkazit". The fare is about 5 euros. Information site of bus transport .
From the central bus station Tel Aviv bus 405, from 5:40 and until 12:00. Buses leave every 15-20 minutes. One-way price is 18 shekels. If children under 18 go with you, you can tell the driver that for them you need a ticket like "Talmid" or "student", for 20 shekels, but you may require a student ticket. In the buses of "Eged" company, an adult passenger can bring with him/her one child under 5 years of age free of charge. The luggage is carried free of charge in a special luggage compartment under the bus salon. The buses of Egged Company (equipped with open Wi-Fi) also come from other cities of Israel.
No buses go to the Sabbath (from the middle of the day on Friday to the evening of Saturday), but a line of microbuses (Sherut) is built near the bus station. They go out in full, pass the Jerusalem bus station, and go somewhere into the old city. The price is the same as the bus, but the driver has to pay.
In Jerusalem, the following types of passenger transport operate: regular buses, light rail, fixed-route taxis, regular taxis.
The most common, convenient and democratic mode of transport in the city. All intra-city flights are serviced by "Egged" company, the firm color of which is green. All buses are air conditioned. Most of the routes are connected to the Central Bus Station. Despite the large dispersion of urban areas, it is possible to reach almost any location by performing no more than one transplant. When boarding, you should enter the front door of the bus and pay for the driver. The fare is 6.9 shekels (01.03.2015). The ticket is valid for a one-time trip on any intra-city route of "Egged" company. Bus drivers follow a specific driving pattern: sharp acceleration, sudden braking and quick passage of turns.To avoid injury, always hold on the handrails!
Buses and coaches leave from the Central Bus Station (TsAS) or from the Binyanai haum, opposite the TsAS. Three companies carry the goods: Egged, Dan  and Superbus . In Jerusalem, as in almost all Israeli cities, public transport does not work in shabat. That is, from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday. Map of city and suburban routes .
Special bus Eggeda №99 was created especially for tourists . This circular route has 24 stops at the most important tourist "sites" of Jerusalem. The bus is two-story, leaving from the Central Bus Station four times a day. Ticket for it is valid all day, i.e. by buying, for example, in the morning it is possible to go out and sit up till evening any number of times. Terminates work after 7pm.
Attention! The so-called East Jerusalem has its own Arab bus system. There are no Eggeda buses in the Arab regions or suburbs. The buses depart from three locations near the Damascus (Shkhim) Gate. The routes are to the Arab areas and suburbs of Jerusalem, both inside and outside the protective wall. Buses to Bethlehem and Ramallah, for example, pass through a checkpoint, but there is no Olives Mountain or Silwan. Arab buses are considered safe for foreign tourists. Israelis, by contrast, do not use them.
Since December 2011, a light rail route has been opened in Jerusalem, linking the Herzle Mountain in the west of the city to the remote northern district of Pisgat Zeev across the central street of Jaffo. Part of the route goes through the Arab neighborhoods in the north of the city. If the situation worsens, it may be difficult for trams to travel to the northern Jewish regions of Pisgat Zeev and Neve Yaaakov. Each unit is accompanied by security personnel. The speed is low, but following the chosen paths, the tram avoids traffic jams. Tickets can be purchased at terminals at stops. When entering the car, the ticket must be driven through the control device. Stops are announced in Hebrew, Arabic and English .
Taxi - monet
Operates 24/7. During the Sabbath and the days of religious holidays there is an increasing coefficient from the normal tariff. On a weekday trip from the center from Ben Yehuda Street to the outskirts of Ramot will cost 37-40 shekels.
The walls and gates of the Old Town
Built in the 16th century by Turkish Sultan Suleiman First. The construction was partially based on material from the city's older structures.
- 1 Damascus Gate. Hebrew name "Shaar Shem" (Shem Gate). In Arabic, "Bab el Amud" (the gate of Stolba). Located in the northern part of the Old Town. These gates are the main entrance to the Muslim Quarter.
- 2 New gate. Fully justify its name. The 1889 walls were broken at the request of the French Consul to facilitate the passage of the Christian Quarter to the new neighborhoods of Jerusalem.
- 3 Jaffa Gate.
- 4 The gates of Zion.
- 5 Dung Gate.
- 6 Lion Gate.
- 7 Herod Gate.
Muslim Quarter of Old Town: Temple Mount
The Temple Mount is Israel's oldest sacred site and one of the three most important sights of the Old Town. It is located within the Muslim Quarter, but due to the peculiarities of Palestinian-Israeli relations, it is only possible to access it through a specially built bridge and border control point (don't forget your passport), located near the Gate of Musor. Getting out of the square is much easier: any open gate will take you to the streets of the Muslim Quarter. The dress code for visitors requires a modest dress, with legs up to the knee and hands covered. If there is no suitable equipment, you can rent a cover for an additional fee. However, the form of clothes is controlled only at the entrance, then the appearance of tourists is not interested.
The Muslim Quarter of the Old City - outside the Temple Mount
Jewish Quarter of Old Town
Christian and Armenian quarters of the Old City
- 12 The coffin of the Lord.
- 12 Golgotha.
Outside the Old Town
What to do
It is recommended to visit the exotic Arab market located in the old town. The trading is highly appropriate. Sellers see the tourist increase prices by at least 200%, 250%.
The largest shopping center in Jerusalem is the Malha. Three floors filled with a wide variety of shops, house and industrial goods, jewelry, fashion, products, toys, animals, line of restaurants, electronics: "there is literally everything there. "Malha" is Jerusalem's main mall. Although only locals come here.
City center (Jaffo Street, King George, Ben Yehuda). A bunch of different shops. For tourists special attention should be paid to souvenir shops of Judaica.
Central Market "Mahane Ehuda". Normal east bazaar. The best way to visit him on Friday is closer to noon. Street dances, storytellers, magicians, musicians will entertain you. Besides, souvenirs, fruits and vegetables can be bought at the market.
Most of the world's main kitchens are represented in Jerusalem. Local Israeli cuisine is a fusion of European and Middle Eastern Arab tradition. Ironically, the food is not very wide-spread. With the exception of holiday baked products such as homentashn, doughnuts, etc. Most hotels, cafes and restaurants in the Jewish part of the city adhere to kashrut, the Jewish diet rules. They do not contain pork dishes and do not mix dairy and meat products. Breakfast is usually dairy. Cosher establishments are closed for Sabbath and holidays. Dinner and groceries can be bought at this time in the Arab part of the city and in the few kosher cafes and shops near Ben Yehuda Street.
Fast food in Israel is not just about American-style hamburgers and hot dogs. Dinner shops with local snowflakes are much more popular. This is mainly: falafel, humus, shaurma and bourecas. Falafel is made of hammered Turkish peas with olive oil and spices. It is served in a pita, pavaska and on a dish, necessarily with vegetables. Burecas is a big cake made of layered dough. The price of the above dishes is from 10 to 35 shekels. The most expensive falafel, but not the most delicious, is sold in the Jewish Quarter of the Old Town and on the pedestrian street Ben Yehuda. Prices, but not quality, are lower in the eateries near Mahane Yehuda Market and the surrounding streets. Most often you can add salads, marinades and sauces on the rack by buying a falafel or shaurma. One should be careful, because some spices are extremely sharp. In the Jewish part of the city, you can have a safe lunch in almost any place. In the Arab part, inexpensive cafes fall into two categories: for tourists and locals. The latter often do not seem very attractive in terms of sanitary conditions. In the Muslim and Christian Quarter, you can recommend: Al Nasser Restaurant on the central street of the Muslim part of Beit Habad; Humussia Lina on Christian Quarter Street; cafe with European cuisine at the bishop’s church Christ Church (located at the entrance to the Armenian Quarter from the Jaffa Gate.
One of the cheapest supermarkets in Jerusalem is Rami Levi. Buy fruits and vegetables on the market on Friday (lower than usual prices), the same cheap fish and chocolate products.
In addition to numerous non-networked cafes and restaurants in Jerusalem, the international brands of McDonald's, Sabway, Aroma, etc. Aroma Caffeine Network offers a good selection of coffee and healthy food at reasonable prices . The cafes are located in good places, which will not be avoided by any tourist. This is 40 Jafo Street, Hillel Street, 18, Mamilla Trade Promenade near Jaffa Gate, etc. Another local network: Café Café .
Also worthy of attention is cafe Hillel on Yafo Street near Kikar Ziyon Square. The cozy restaurant in the unique house-museum of Dr. Tiho is located on Rav Cook Street . The museum depicts the life of Jerusalem in the first half of the 20th century. The cafe holds weekly concerts on certain days.
In the Old Town, at the crossroads of Via Dolorosa and Agai Street, the Austrian Hospice of the Holy Family is a cafe in the traditional Viennese style. There you can sit in a wonderful garden, eat the best in the city of trudeli and drink a real beer Gösser .
From expensive restaurants you can recommend El Gaucho, The Ticho House, Barud, Eldad We Zew.
Where to stay
Hotels in Israel do not yet have a strict classification by star. Therefore, the assignment of stars to hotels in booklets and portals on booking is quite conditional. In addition to hotels, there are the following places to stay:
- Simmers - houses and rooms outside the city, often in kibbutz.
- Hostels are cheap hotels for unpretentious travelers. There must be dorms (shared rooms from 4 to 12 beds).
- Hotels and pilgrimage hotels maintained by religious organizations.
Categories 2 and 3 are widely represented in Jerusalem. When booking your room, you should consider the time of year and religious holidays. There are two high seasons - autumn and spring. In the autumn, from the end of September and through October, there comes a period of three great Jewish holidays: Rosh Ashana, Yom Kippur and Sukkot. Also in October and November the heat drops and the weather is comfortable. Accordingly, the demand for hotels is increasing and prices are rising. In spring, in March and April, a similar situation is developing. During this period of time, the holidays of Pesach and Christian Easter are held according to the Gregorian and Julian calendars.
Jerusalem is not a seaside resort where people come to fall on the beach. The city is designed for active cognitive and religious tourism. Therefore, the market offers a number of hotels, hostels and guest houses for reasonable money, both in the Jewish and Arab parts of the city. Such locations can be classified as follows:
- Abraham Hostel - the center of West Jerusalem on David Square 
- The Jerusalem Hostel is the center of West Jerusalem Yafo Street .
- Jaffa Gate Hostel - Old Town near the Jaffa Gate .
- Beit Shmuel Hostel - West Jerusalem near Jaffa Gate, 6 Shama Stree.
- Agron Guest House - West Jerusalem, near the Old Town 
Guest houses and hostels for pilgrims
Jerusalem is the world center of religious tourism. For pilgrims there is a wide network of guest houses in the city, where for a moderate money can be placed in a clean and peaceful atmosphere. Some guest houses, in addition to the Spartan conditions, provide hotel facilities of at least three stars. Below will be a short list of the best establishments in this category.
- Austrian Hospice of the Holy Family - located in the Muslim Quarter of the Old Town, Via Dolorosa 
- Ecce Homo - Pilgrim's Center - Old Town, Muslim Quarter, Via Dolorosa 
- Lutheran Hospice - Old Town, near the Jaffa Gate, St. Marka St. .
- Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center - opposite New Gate 
A number of other pilgrimage houses can be found here - 
About 300 rooms. Wireless Internet access. Non-smoking rooms. It's a pretty good kitchen. Buffet for breakfast, lunch and dinner. From the lobby direct access to the large shopping center (souvenirs, clothes, cafes, etc.). Near the Central Bus Station. 20 minutes walk to the city center, 30 minutes walk to the Old Town.
You should not visit the old town or the Arab neighborhoods at night. In religious Jewish neighborhoods, respect for local traditions must be shown: It is not necessary to walk there in "unmodest" clothes with open knees and elbows (especially in women), and to do any work in the Sabbath, from Friday evening to Saturday evening. From the point of view of radical Judaism, the work is, in particular, the movement on motorized vehicles, therefore it is not necessary to visit religious quarters on Saturday or on holidays (walking - it is possible), although you will probably not succeed, as at the entrance there will be a fence blocking the road. In any case, be careful. The ultra-religious Jews are no different from the fierce adepts of any other religion, and completely innocent things can react very sharply or even throw a stone at you.
If you want to take pictures of religious Jews, be sure to ask permission. Some currents in Judaism forbid photography, and this, too, could cause conflict.
Near Jerusalem there are many natural and man-made attractions. The borders of modern Jerusalem run quite far from the historic city. So, technically, there are some notable places in the city that were previously in the suburbs. Like Ein Karem. It is a picturesque village, considered the birthplace of John the Baptist. The next point to be known for traveling around Jerusalem is the existence of the Palestinian Authority's direct jurisdiction, Zone A. It is only possible to enter it through Israeli checkpoints with a passport. Then you will be outside the responsibility of the Israeli security services.
Geographic description of the neighborhood of Jerusalem
The city is located in the north of the low Judea Mountains right on the watershed of the Mediterranean Sea basin and the internal runoff basin at an altitude of 750-800 m above sea level. This watershed covers the boundary of two natural-geographical zones. One is Mediterranean, rather moist and wooded, and the other is deserted with meager vegetation, similar to Arabia and northeastern Africa. Accordingly, the western neighborhood of Jerusalem is very different from the eastern neighborhood. The pine-cypress forests of Judea, with their farms and picturesque green villages, and a real rocky desert, where the bedoun cattle are still grazing, are located a short distance from each other.
To the south of the city, the height of the mountains rises to 1,000 meters, so the average temperature becomes lower and the winter snow is more frequent. To the east, by contrast, there is a sharp fall in height down to minus 408 m on the shore of the Dead Sea. Temperature increases and rainfall sharply decreases.
To the north of the city at a very short distance, another historical and geographical area - Samaria - is already beginning.
Western and Southern
Due to the favorable climate, the area has always been densely populated. Thus predetermined the high density of historical and archeological monuments.
Northern and Eastern surroundings